Excerpt from Poole UNESCO report: "...Initially driven by negotiation strategies, the mapping process causes other things to happen within communities. It reinforces local awareness of land issues. It draws younger people in as mappers and elders as sources of knowledge. It localises cartographic operations previously reserved to distant agencies. Above all, as negotiations proceed, the mapping process elucidates a local and territorial information base, indicating where people live and have lived the resources they depend upon and their seasonal movements in gathering and hunting. After negotiations, this traditional knowledge base is kept current and continues to give distinctive form and purpose to what indigenous peoples do with their lands - it is mobilised to provide for the future rather than elucidate the past. Land settlements act as a threshold, beyond which communities face a fresh array of environmental issues and players. monitoring, protecting and restoring their lands; dealing with incursions, corporations, agencies..."